Dark Circles: Causes, treatment, home remedies & skin health
“The face is the mirror of the mind, and eyes without speaking confess the secrets of the heart.” — St. Jerome
They say so many things about your eyes while the skin under your eye constantly gets neglected. The area under your eye is that part of your body that shows the earliest signs of premature aging. Without proper care, those eye bags or the dark circles which you probably despise may turn out to be permanent. Hence, it’s high time you start taking proper care of your under eye skin to preserve the good health of your under eye skin.
What are Dark Circles?
Dark circles are dark patches that develop under your eyes due to a variety of reasons. They may appear black, blue, purple, or even dark brown depending on your skin color. While many people mostly believe that dark circles are a result of sleep deprivation or exhaustion, there are other factors too that can invite them.
Causes of Dark Circles
It is a popular belief that lack of sleep and tiredness cause dark circles. While this may be the case for many, there are other reasons behind dark circles too. Here we have stated other causes of dark circles. Have a look.
- Excessive sun exposure
- Family history
- Thinning of under eye skin
- Too much rubbing of eyes
- Low levels of fat tissues around the eyes
- Glaucoma eye drop treatment, such as Bimatoprost
Puffiness refers to the mild swelling or bags under your eyes. They become frequent as you become older and the tissues around your eyes, especially the muscles that support your eyelids, deteriorate. Fat that supports the eyes can then migrate into the lower eyelids, making them puffy. Fluid might also build up beneath your eyes. Bags beneath the eyes are mainly a cosmetic issue and not an indication of anything serious. Cool compresses and other at-home remedies can make them look better. Eyelid surgery may be an option for recurrent or troublesome under-eye puffiness.
Causes of Puffy Eyes|
The primary cause of puffy eyes is aging. The skin under the eyes being extremely thin augments any changes that may occur in the body upon aging. However, there are a few other reasons which may cause puffy eyes. Those are:
- Fluid retention
- Excessive sun exposure
- Lack of sleep
- Unhealthy diet
- Certain health conditions
Fine Lines and Wrinkles
Have you spotted eye-lines and wrinkles under your eyes lately? Your skin loses its elasticity as you age. Other than that, sun exposure and certain environmental factors may also cause wrinkles and fine lines under your eyes. The skin around your eyes is more prone to showing early signs of aging as the area under your eyeball (the periorbital hollow) has immensely thin skin with blood vessels. However, there exist certain preventive measures and home remedies that may help you. Don’t worry.
Causes of Eye-lines and Wrinkle
Just like puffy eyes, aging is the main cause of eye-lines and wrinkles. But again, other reasons can also lead to eye-lines and wrinkles. Those are as follows:
- UV rays
- Environmental factors
- Repeated eye expressions and movements
If you are experiencing red eyes or bloodshot eyes, it’s high time for you to take charge of the matter. Eye redness can indicate the presence of several health issues some of which are trouble-free, while some are serious. However, most eye problems come with pain or vision changes.
What are the Common Reasons for Eye Redness?
- Dry eyes
- Eyelid style
- Excessive use of contact lenses
- Pink eye
- Corneal ulcers
- Acute Glaucoma
- Subconjunctival hemorrhage
Sensitivity of Your Under Eye Skin
The skin under your eyes is one of the most sensitive areas of your body. And consequently, they are more likely to show signs of premature aging, particularly without proper care. First of all, have you ever imagined how much work your eyes do in a day? From blinking almost every two seconds to expressing all your emotions (forget the uncountable hours of screen facing)? These alone can cause premature aging. Moreover, your under eye skin is thinner and more delicate compared to the skin in the other parts of your body. So, moms, we urge you to immediately start taking care of your skin if you haven’t already.
How to Take Care of Under Eye Skin
1. Moisturize and Moisturize and Moisturize
Moisturizing has always been the underrated skin care tip that many women often leave out. But they don’t understand the magic of ample hydration. Compare your skin with a piece of grape. The grape shrinks upon losing water giving rise to wrinkles. However, your skin will plump up when you fill back the water and will also perhaps reduce the appearance of the lines and wrinkles. The case is similar to your skin. It is more likely to get dry because it doesn’t have oil glands (the natural moisturizer of our skin). The most frequently asked question regarding hydrating the skin around your eyes is if you may use your face moisturizer on it. Well, the answer to that is yes. You'll be fine as long as it doesn't hurt your eyes and offers enough moisture. Keep in mind, however, that because the skin around your eyes is delicate, normal face cream may irritate it. If you get a stinging sensation or your eyes get watery, or red discontinue using it.
Invest in an eye cream instead. Eye creams are formulated with ingredients that are less prone to irritate your eyes while yet including enough active ingredients to help diminish wrinkles and fine lines.
2. Sun Protection
According to studies, UV radiation is responsible for up to 80% of apparent skin aging such as wrinkles, dullness, and spots. Even if you don't see sunburns under your eyes, that doesn't imply they aren't there. To protect yourself from the sun's rays, use a moisturizer with SPF and sun protection properties like Broad-spectrum protection (UVA & UVB protection), a mineral-based solution with a minimum of 30 SPF, under eye-friendly.
3. Avoid the Salt
Too much consumption of salt leads to increased fluid retention in your body, which may aggravate puffy eyes. It also invites other health issues like heart-related risks and stroke. Packed foods like instant noodles and soups, etc. are often rich in sodium. Read labels before buying them. Embrace whole foods like fresh fruits and vegetables instead of packed food items.
4. Have More Potassium
Boost your potassium intake because it helps to get rid of the excess fluids in your body. Include bananas, leafy greens, yogurt, and beans in your diet.
5. Keep Your Hands Clean
Wash your hands with hand wash. Avoid frequently touching your eyes, rubbing your eyes, or the area surrounding your eyes with unclean hands since this can aggravate the eye redness.
6. Minimize Your Screen Time
Too much time in front of your screens, big or small will strain your eyes. It may also lead to dry eyes. Limit your screen time to sustain better eye health. Furthermore National Sleep Foundation recommends no screen time and electronic gadgets at least 30 minutes prior to bed.
Home Remedies have always been our friend in times of need. Our kitchens have always managed to have wonderful beauty ingredients for some issue or the other. Let’s have a look at the home remedies that can rid us of eye woes.
Cucumber slices applied to the eyes can help to relieve weary eyes and minimize puffiness. Cucumber's high water and vitamin C content may assist to hydrate and nourish the skin. Cucumber also includes silica, a mineral that is necessary for tissue health.
2. Tea Bags
Tea bags may help to reduce puffiness and dark circles under the eyes. Caffeine is an antioxidant that improves blood circulation. Around the eyes, there's a reliable source. Two tea bags can be boiled in water and then rested on each eye after they have cooled. Keep the boiled tea bags in the fridge first. This will aid in cooling the eyes. Tea bags in black, green, or herbal varieties are available.
3. Cold Compress
Cold compresses can constrict blood vessels and minimize the look of dark circles around the eyes. It can also help in reducing puffy eyes. Rest a cool washcloth on your eyelids for around 10 minutes. This drains away excess fluids from under your eyes, reducing the appearance of puffy eyes.
4. Beauty Sleep
This is probably the best thing that the sleepyheads need to hear. You can significantly decrease or prevent dark circles by ensuring they get adequate quality sleep each night. You can also reduce the dark circles and puffiness around the eyes by raising the head on extra cushions.
DOs and DON’Ts as Recommended by Top Dermats
- Moisturize - Drink at least 8-9 glasses of water, and moisturize your skin
- Sleep - Get at least 6-9 hours of sleep daily
- Opt for eye-care products - Invest in the right eye-care products
- Eat Good Food - Eat a balanced diet with the correct proportions of carbs, proteins, vitamins, minerals, etc.
- Protect your eyes – Wear sunglasses while outside.
- Skip sun protection – Sun protection is the key to healthy skin. So, don’t skip it.
- Rub your eyes – Rubbing your eyes vigorously may lead to vision impairment, and serious infections, and may also lead to dark circles.
- Skip sleep – Sleep is inevitable. It helps to rejuvenate your skin.
Stress – Stress is often the most common cause of dark circles along with lack of sleep. We know it is not possible to bid a complete goodbye to stress, but you can try to minimize its levels.
Ingredients to Avoid
Use products with ingredients like Green tea and Coffee berry polyphenols, Caffeine, Willow herb, and Dipeptide-2 (Eyeliss). You can use products infused with Vitamin C, Kojic acid, Arbutin, Soy, Niacinamide, and Azelaic Acid for dark circles.
Also, avoid chemicals like Parabens, Formaldehyde, Retinoids, and Phenoxyethanol that may be present in your eye care products. Retinoids work great when it comes to under eye skin care. But Retinoids are not Natal-Safe. They may invite risk factors like miscarriage, preterm birth, and birth defects in the baby. So, we advise against the usage of Retinoids by pregnant moms. Parabens are well-known carcinogens and are endocrine disruptors and neurotoxins. And again, we will advise you against using a product with Phenoxyethanol if you suffer from dry eyes, and eye irritation. Similarly, Formaldehyde may also lead to dry eyes.
There are a plethora of options for lavishing affection on the skin around your eyes. Incorporating these game-changers in your beauty regimen, even if only one at a time, can support you on your journey to enhancing the skin around your eyes, from moisturizing and sun protection to obtaining more sleep. Research has shown that when people guess a person's age in any picture, the first thing they judge by is how the skin around their eyes looks. So the first step to looking younger should be to keep taking continued efforts to make your under-eye skin healthy.