Symptoms Of Pregnancy In The First Month

Symptoms Of Pregnancy In The First Month

Symptoms Of Pregnancy In The First Month

You perhaps noticed distinct changes physically, mentally, and psychologically such as mild cramps, nausea, fatigue, mood swings, being too emotional, or hyper-reactive. Didn't you? Usually, these symptoms are highly observed in the first month of pregnancy. However, if you aren't sure about the pregnancy, you can take a home test.

Tested positive? Congrats! You've been waiting for this long time. Now the time has come, and you're pregnant. Do you want to know other symptoms of pregnancy in the first month? If yes, you're in the right place. As you read the article, you'll discover your body's internal process, one-month pregnancy symptoms, and a lot more.

So, without any further ado- let's get started.

What Happens in the First Month of Pregnancy?

The pregnancy period is generally calculated using "Gestational Age", which usually begins from the last date of your menstrual cycle or periods. Although you aren't pregnant, doctors calculate the pregnancy period from the last date of periods. This is why the complete pregnancy period is often called "10 months".

So, what exactly happens in the first month? In this section, we discuss what happens in weeks 1, 2, 3, and 4. In the first two weeks, the ovary releases mature eggs. This egg travels towards Uterus via a fallopian tube. The fertilization occurs before the egg reaches the Uterus by combining with sperm.

The fertilized egg travels along the fallopian tube and splits into multiple cells in the third and fourth weeks. Finally, the egg reaches the Uterus after three days of fertilization. These split cells combine to form a small ball that wanders within the Uterus for a further couple of days.

Usually, pregnancy happens when this ball sticks to the uterus lining. This process is often referred to as "Implantation." Even if the egg is combined with sperm, pregnancy doesn't occur until the cells attach to the uterus lining.

List of First Month Pregnancy Symptoms

Once the ball of fertilized cells attaches to the uterus walls, you start to experience various symptoms such as nausea, bloated belly, food cravings, tiredness, irritation, mood swings, swollen breasts, sickness, and a lot more.

In the first month of pregnancy, most mothers notice a swollen belly or womb, Uterus, discomfort, and lower abdominal pain. The other noticeable physical changes include a change in the size of the breast and frequent urination. If you notice minor bleeding, it's advised to consult a gynecologist as soon as possible.

Similarly, the psychological changes in the first month include stress, unstable emotions, irritation, and mood swings. Since each person is different, one person's symptoms vary from other people.

However, here's the list of various common one-month pregnancy symptoms that you should know.

1. Bloating

Pregnant women in the first month notice a bloated or swollen belly which is primarily caused by the increased progesterone levels and other hormones. It's almost similar to what you experience just before the start of your menstrual cycle.

2. Fatigue

In the initial days of pregnancy, you perhaps feel exhausted. This is often due to the unusual behavior of hormones such as progesterone. However, it's quite common for second-time mothers and nothing to worry much about.

3. Spotting

Spotting is one of the most common pregnancy symptoms that's caused due to Implantation, increased hormonal levels, and abdominal cramping. Usually, women notice light brown or pink color spots in the first few weeks.

4. Swollen Breast

Swollen breast is another most common one-month pregnancy symptom that's caused due to increased hormonal levels such as estrogen and progesterone. Most women often feel sore breasts.

5. Abdominal Cramps

A few moms experience little cramps, while a few notice severe abdominal cramps in the early stage of pregnancy. If you notice unbearable cramps, make sure you consult your healthcare advisor or an expert gynecologist immediately.

6. Change in Food Choices

First-time mothers mostly experience this. You perhaps feel vomiting or discomfort sensations when you take certain foods. So, make sure you don't mess up with chores such as cooking, cleaning, or washing clothes as that makes you uncomfortable during pregnancy. Significantly, pregnant women crave ice cream, salty snacks, chocolate, eggs, cheese, spicy foods, fruits, and pickles.

7. Morning Sickness

Usually, morning sickness(Nausea and vomiting) are experienced after 5 to 6 weeks. However, a few women notice these symptoms earlier, while lucky people never experience them throughout pregnancy. Drink more water and sip ginger tea to get rid of morning sickness. Also, consult a gynecologist to check for the vitamins and minerals contained in the body.

8. Constipation

In general, the increased hormonal levels reduce digestion power. As a result, it leads to constipation. Usually, it's a good idea to consult a gynecologist to prevent constipation.

9. Urination

Since the blood levels increase in your body, kidneys should work harder to eliminate the waste or extra fluids. As a result, you perhaps end up urinating several times a day. In general, most people stop consuming fluids or water to avoid frequent urination. However, this isn't a wise decision. Make sure you take enough fluids, especially water. But it's advised to pee whenever you leave home.

10. Frequent Change In Mood 

Hormones highly affect your physical and mental performance. Sometimes they make you more emotional, while other times they make you well-composed. The most frequently observed mood changes are calm to anxious, moody to excited, and more. It's advised to be with your loved ones and share your feelings, thoughts, and emotions to avoid mental imbalances.

Throughout your pregnancy, you would be experiencing some of the other normal symptoms. But there are a few warning signs too which you shouldn’t ignore and it’s best to contact your doctor if you experience any of those.

Warning Signs that you should not ignore in the first month of Pregnancy

Vaginal Bleeding

Although spotting is a pretty usual symptom, excessive bleeding is a sign of miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy. Especially if you experience period cramps or abdominal pain, it's a severe symptom of miscarriage.

Disruptive Nausea & Vomitings

Nausea and vomiting are pretty common symptoms in the initial weeks. However, anything in excess could be toxic. If you observe excessive digestion-related issues or vomiting which is different from morning sickness, contact your doctor.


Fever over 38℃ or 101 F is threatening. It also leads to birth defects. Furthermore, rashes with fever are more dangerous and could be a sign of CMV.

Vaginal Discharge & Itching

This could also be a symptom of contagious infections. Most people are often too conscious to reveal their problems during pregnancy. However, it can lead to severe complications such as fetal infections or preterm delivery.

Share everything with your doctor to ensure a healthy pregnancy.

Let's Look Into The Fetus Development In Your First Month Of Pregnancy

The fertilized egg has divided into a bunch of cells, and a few cells have formed the embryo and some eventually become the placenta, which provides nourishment for your baby. The umbilical cord also forms between the embryo and the placenta.

  • Size of Fetus - Your first-month baby is teeny- tiny, and is smaller than the rice grain.
  • Development - After 4 weeks, the basic structures of the head, chest, abdomen, and organs are formed. Small buds on the surface also form, which eventually become hands and legs.

Not to forget blood cells. The significant blood cells form into a shape and support blood circulation. The digestive system, spinal cord, and backbone also get formed at this time.

The most exciting part is you carry two hearts. The teeny-tiny heart rate is about 65 times per minute, and the fetus grows about ¼ inch by the end of the fourth week. You're in the initial stage of your pregnancy marathon race for you as well as your baby. There’s so much more to come.



About Me

Hi, I am Ekta Dharap, a mom of a tiny tod. I have learnt that to take optimum care of your little one, it's imperative to first take care of your own wellness and well-being. Besides, our children look up to us, and how we treat ourselves. This makes putting self care as top priority, without an ounce of guilt.

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