List of Month-wise Pregnancy Symptoms & Body Changes - How Are Pregnancy Months Calculated?
This article overviews the list of month-wise symptoms of pregnancy. Once you read the entire article, you’ll understand various symptoms and changes that your body undergoes. For this article, we will assume that one pregnancy month lasts for 4 weeks.
It’s no surprise to say that pregnancy is one of the best feelings ever, irrespective of the amount of pain each mother bears. It’s a period where you carry multiple emotions such as excitement, anxiety, pain, fear, stress, to name a few. Your body undergoes several changes, and as a result, you experience numerous symptoms each month.
How are Pregnancy Months Calculated?
A typical full-term pregnancy averages 40 weeks, or 280 days. This makes it nine calendar months and about a week more. But the standard calculation internationally relies on clubbing just 4 weeks in one month. So that makes it 10 months of pregnancy. In which case, each pregnancy month lasts for 28 days, not 30 or 31. A lunar month of pregnancy lasts from one new moon to the next new moon. Which is imprecise, 291/2 days. A woman’s body follows the lunar cycle, and hence the confusion about the days.
- The First Trimester is from week 1 to the end of week 13.
- The Second Trimester is from week 14 to the end of week 27.
- The Third Trimester lasts from week 28 to week 40 or till your delivery date which could be plus or minus a few days from your due date.
List of Month-wise Pregnancy Symptoms
The month-wise overview with major symptoms of pregnancy areas is listed below -
1. First Month Pregnancy Overview
The first month starts from the first day of your last period. The mature egg and sperm combine to form a fertilized egg in the first month. After that, it splits into a cell and forms in a small ball shape. Then, it moves towards the uterus and attaches to the walls of the Uterus. This process is known as Implantation. Since additional activities are happening in your body, you observe several symptoms.
- During the first month of pregnancy, you feel huge stress and discomfort.
- The symptoms of the first month include nausea, morning sickness, breast tenderness, fatigue, frequent urination, and excessive food sensitivity.
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2. Second Month Pregnancy Overview
If you’re unsure about the pregnancy, you can take a pregnancy test this month. In most cases, missed periods insist women take a pregnancy test for confirmation. In the second month, pregnant women are highly prone to tiredness, stress, and heartburn. Nausea, vomiting, and constipation are also frequently observed due to the unusual hormonal levels.
- In the second month, most women experience earlier developed symptoms such as nausea and fatigue.
- Also food sensitivity increases.
- In addition, one experiences mood swings and reduced sexual drive due to the sudden spike of hormones.
3. Third Month Pregnancy Overview
In the third month of pregnancy, you observe the growing uterus. Women in this stage either gain a couple of pounds or lose a few depending on the food aversions. In addition, you also either experience increased acne or pregnancy glow.
- Nausea and vomiting are reduced due to the optimal hormone levels. The mood swings and food aversions continue and increase throughout the month.
- In the third month of pregnancy, you excessively crave certain foods such as ice creams, pickles, spicy food, chocolates, salty snacks, and other food items.
4. Fourth Month Pregnancy Overview
Sometime in the fourth month, in week 14 you enter the second trimester. In this period, you require lots of rest. That’s why pregnant women take several naps a day. Also, most women no longer experience morning sickness.
The placenta in your body takes care of most of the hormone production required for the baby’s development. This is one of the beautiful phases where you notice positive changes due to the less volatility of hormonal functions.
- The hormonal balance ensures a good mood and returns your sexual desires. It also increases your energy and makes you feel better than in the earlier months.
- Nausea slowly begins to fade away, and you observe a growing womb.
- A few new moms experience bleeding gums or nose bleeding due to increased blood flow. This is quite normal and nothing to worry about.
- Sometimes, you may feel dizzy and may have difficulty in breathing.
5. Fifth Month Pregnancy Overview
The fifth month is one of the crucial months for your baby’s growth. New moms experience faster heartbeat and increased blood flow. Since your kidneys work harder, you will need to visit the bathroom quite often. The fifth month is a benchmark because this is the time you experience the initial movements of the baby. Also, the uterus reaches the belly point. As a result, others can visibly identify your pregnancy.
- The weight of your body increases by five to fifteen pounds, and this leads to increased fatigue, faster heartbeat, excessive pumping of blood, bloating, constipation, and other related issues.
- A few moms notice a lack of memory power or forgetfulness. This condition is also referred to as the ‘Pregnancy Brain’.
- The belly button starts growing bigger, and you begin to feel minor movements of your baby.
6. Sixth Month Pregnancy Overview
In the sixth month of pregnancy, your baby’s movements are easily felt as he starts moving and kicking. Since the baby occupies most of the place in your womb, you’ve little space left for digestion. And this leads to frequent heartburn. A few pregnant women also experience mild to severe backaches once in a while.
Have fun shopping in the sixth month and fill your wardrobe with maternity clothes. Chances are, none of your earlier clothes will fit you.
- Your belly grows to the full size of a football, and it leads to itchy skin as the skin stretches. Like the earlier month, you feel constipation, bleeding gums, and heartburn.
- Furthermore, newly pregnant moms experience severe leg cramps due to the increased weight. During this month, your weight increases by a pound every week.
7. Seventh Month Pregnancy Overview
Sometime in your seventh month of pregnancy, as week 28 sets in, you will enter the third or final trimester. Most women in this stage worry about their growing belly and experience extreme fatigue. As a result, they may lose interest in sex practices and become more conscious about their health. During the seventh month, most parents think about welcoming their baby to its sweet home and start preparing for the same.
- The most common symptoms in the seventh month are extreme fatigue and painful hand and leg muscles. Loose or softened joints are the result of the hormone relaxin, as your body prepares for the baby’s birth.
- Furthermore, you may also experience ‘Braxton Hicks Contractions’ known as non-productive contractions.
- Your baby in this month almost grows up to 12 inches. Hence you feel the movements of your baby without a hitch.
8. Eighth Month Pregnancy Overview
In the eighth month, your fatigue increases, and you probably suffer from insomnia. This is one of the hardest aspects of pregnancy. Due to poor sleeping patterns, your days would be quite lazy and tiresome. Since your uterus increases in size, it’s hard to respirate properly. You may also notice discharge of thin film from nipples. Don’t worry. It’s pretty common, as your body is preparing for feeding.
- Similar to previous months, you feel tiresome and exhausted in the eight months of pregnancy.
- You require more naps and gain a pound per week.
- Indigestion, heartburn, difficulty in breathing, frequent contractions, and stretch marks are a few common pregnancy symptoms in the eighth month.
- The baby’s kicks become stronger, and you may feel a push towards your rib cage and other organs. This is why mothers often feel uncomfortable.
9. Ninth Month Pregnancy Overview
In the ninth month, the baby sits in the pelvis and creates enough space in the abdomen so that the mother can breathe easily. This process is medically termed ‘Lightening’ as moms feel lighter than in previous months.
- You can experience vaginal discharge. Make sure this discharge is odorless and colorless. However, if you observe a foul smell and green discharge, make sure you contact your gynecologist immediately.
- You will continue to have a few symptoms from the earlier month like shortness of breath, insomnia, and frequent urination.
- Excessive weight gain of up to 35 pounds increases fatigue and restlessness for a few people.
- Your anxiety levels also increase as you think about the next stage of delivering the little one.
10. Tenth Month Pregnancy Overview
The cervix begins to dilate, in preparation for delivery. This could happen a couple of weeks before delivery or it may even start to dilate when you go into labor. Be prepared to deliver your angel anytime this month.
- Pregnancy symptoms in the tenth month depend on when the fetus drops down into the lower part of your uterus.
- Shortness of breath, constipation and heartburn improve when the baby drops and allow some space on top.
Pregnancy is like a rollercoaster that allows you to experience not just various biological changes, but also distinct emotions and feelings. Each month has its fetal growth pattern and changes that happen to your body to adjust to it. Make sure you keep taking nutrition-rich food and enough fluids that support a healthier baby.
Finally, contact your gynecologist frequently for a hassle-free delivery process, and get all your check-ups on time to ensure an optimum environment for growth (your health) as well as the proper development of the life inside of you.
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Article by - Dr. Rama Rathi