Week 1 & Week 2 Pregnancy Symptoms And Development
It might not be wrong to say that there are no pregnancy symptoms in Week 1.
This is because your baby is still not conceived at this time! We know, it sounds totally weird, right? You might be surprised to know that most medical practitioners start timing pregnancy based on the first day of your last menstrual period (LMP) and don’t even bother to ask you the question, “So, when did you have sex?
It’s extremely hard for practitioners to pinpoint the precise moment pregnancy begins or to calculate the exact date when the sperm might have met the egg (since this differs for different couples). Hence this standard way to calculate from the LMP helps your gynecologist estimate the delivery date of your baby (40 weeks more to go from here!). The countdown to delivery day begins now, during the period just before fertilization - even though egg and sperm are still strangers and destiny or biology hasn't played its role in making them meet yet.
So, what is happening to the body in Week 1 and Week 2 and why is it important to know?
During the first week and the second week, when you are not yet pregnant, your body is preparing hard for ovulation (release of an egg ) as usual. So your body is going through the same process that it went through a month before, and before that, and before that...
The lining of your uterus has now shredded taking with it last month's unfertilized egg. And, a new cycle is beginning. This is the starting point for your pregnancy. During this week after your period ends, the lining of your uterus starts getting thick and spongy again - to support a pregnancy, if need be. The uterus is doing its job and getting prepared for the arrival of a fertilized egg, but you can never be sure whether the egg has successfully matched up with sperm or not until only the next month when you miss your period. Each month only one follicle becomes the dominant one, destined for ovulation.
Within 24 hours of ovulation, the egg is fertilized by sperm if you have had unprotected sex in the last few days.
The next stage is implantation, which happens about 5-6 days after ovulation. In this week or stage, the fertilized egg ‘implants’ into the lining of the womb.
List of Week 2 Pregnancy Symptoms
First of all, even at week 2, most of you may not yet be technically pregnant. But if you do conceive at 2 weeks, a few symptoms may begin to appear. The symptoms can drastically differ from woman to woman. One might just sense that something seems different in the 2nd week of pregnancy, or there might be more pronounced physical symptoms for others.
Here are 5 common indicative symptoms for pregnancy at week 2 -
- Spotting - You may notice spotting at around 5-10 days after This is because of the embryo implanting itself into the lining of your uterus.
- Frequent urination - Blame your hormones for this.
- Darker areolas and sore breasts- As soon as those hormones appear, a woman’s body starts preparing her body for breastfeeding. This one symptom has no other cause, and for the ones who are sensitive enough to notice the small changes, it might be one of the most definite clues.
- Fatigue - Exhaustion is bound to happen as your body uses a ton of energy to grow the baby.
- Bloating - As your body suddenly realizes you’re pregnant, it will probably slow down the digestion process to deliver more nutrients to the baby.
Read more about early pregnancy symptoms here
What to do immediately if you think you might be pregnant or if you are planning for the same?
Think of these two weeks of waiting just before the baby takes over to slowly occupy the space in your belly. You may not be pregnant yet, but it's a good thing to act as if you are.
Here are a few lifestyle changes you should consider right from week 1 -
- Start taking Folic acid and other prenatal vitamins, give up alcohol, smoking, and stay away from other toxins and harmful chemicals that might be present in your house.
- Embark on a healthy prenatal diet, yoga, and exercise routine.
- Keep discussing with your partner about bringing up the baby, and about your expectations from him.
- Indulge in some mindfulness and relaxation activities too.
- The psychological health of a mom-to-be is extremely important.
- Besides, the coming months will be filled with a mixture of different and unpredictable emotions, and practicing to stay calm beforehand will help you ride the emotional roller-coaster much better.
But if you have been trying for a while, and you aren’t pregnant this time around, don't stress.
Let not being able to conceive stress you. Stress can adversely affect the reproductive system by shutting down the activity of the hypothalamic–pituitary–gonadal axis. This can cause delay or absent ovulation and irregular periods.
An average healthy couple between 20 and 35 years has a 25 - 30 percent chance of getting pregnant in each cycle. This means that for every 100 fertile 30-year-old women trying to make a baby, only 20 will be successful. The other 80 percent will have to try again the next time. A woman in her 40s has 5 percent less chance to conceive per cycle.
Keeping a tab on you most fertile period, and planning your sex life around it will definitely benefit.
How do I look for signs of ovulation?
As per International statistics, 9 to 14 % of women have irregular periods. For those with irregular periods, it could get tricky to detect the most favorable time to try for a baby. Usual peak fertility is 11 to 21 days from the first day of your last period. Or, the two days before you ovulate and the day you ovulate.
- The cervical mucus increases and becomes clear and thin, slippery and gooey. This consistency aids the sperm to travel.
- One can have a slightly lower basal body temperature.
- Breast soreness or tenderness because of hormones so not.
- Some might notice a small tinge of reddish-brown color on the underwear around the time of ovulation.
- Heightened sense of smell as the body is drawn to the male pheromone androstenone and tries to find a perfect suitor.
- Increased sex drive, which is mother nature's way of coaxing you to have a baby.
To figure out when you are ovulating, you can use an at-home test called an ovulation predictor kit, which works by measuring the levels of luteinizing hormone (LH) in your urine.
At any point, if any symptom of week 1 and week 2 from those listed above is bothering you or you feel something is abnormal, don’t take chances. You are early on in your tender pregnancy stage, so seek some professional advice to clear any doubts. You have 40 more weeks to go!
Article by - Dr. Rama Rathi